Table of Contents
- Things you need to set up your first outfit:
- Choosing a Fly Fishing Rod
- Choosing a Fly Fishing Reel
- What is Fly Fishing Line, and How to match it perfectly?
- Choosing your Fly Backing Line
- Leader and tippet
- Putting and Connecting everything (fly rod, reel & line)
- How to Choose the First Fly to Cast
- When to Switch Flies While Fly Fishing
- Deciding which hand to use on the reel
- Do you really need a tippet for fly fishing?
- How do you set up a beginner fly rod?
- How do you balance a fly rod?
- Fly line setup diagram
- Fly rod set up for trout fishing.
- Fly rod set up for bass fishing.
- Fly Fishing Rod Setup Summary
Are you interested in learning how to set up a fly fishing rod?
I’ve all seen those old fly rods and reels sitting in the corner, taking up space and not being used. Don’t let your fly rod collection suffer from this problem any longer!
This is the most comprehensive guide on the internet that covers all aspects of building a fly fishing rod from start to finish.
The fly rod and reel are the heart of the fishing experience. I am going to focus on those components in this guide. This means we will be looking at various materials and methods for fly rod setup.
We will look at all the tools needed to build a fly rod and give you a step-by-step guide on how to use them properly. Finally, I will discuss setting up a fly rod from beginning to end and how to rig a fly rod properly.
Whether you are building a new rod or upgrading an old one, this guide will have you fishing with confidence.
If you are in the market for purchasing a fly rod, be sure to visit my best beginner fly rod page. It shows you how to choose the right fly rod for your needs, as well as some fly fishing tips.
Things you need to set up your first outfit:
- Fly rod
- Fly reel
- Fly line
- Leader & Tippet
Choosing a Fly Fishing Rod
The first step in building a fly rod is to choose the right rod for the job. There are many different rods to choose from, including carbon fiber, bamboo, and composite. Some are more suited for specific fishing styles, while others are designed for specific species of fish.
In fly fishing, the term “rod weighting” refers to adding weight or counterbalance to a fly rod to give the fly rod more stability. The purpose is to provide greater stability for the fly rod during casting and allow the angler to cast with less effort.
A ‘fast, medium, and slow action’ fly rod will have a different type of rod for each of those actions.
Fast action rods have more sensitive and powerful guides than medium action rods, which have better guides than slow action rods. The fast action rods are designed to cast a long distance with the fast retrieve, and the medium action rods are designed to cast a shorter distance with the medium retrieve. The slow action rods are designed to cast the smallest distances with the slow retrieve.
When buying a fly rod, it’s important to consider what you want to use it. If you plan to fish mainly for trout, you will probably want to go for a heavier rod with a stiffer taper. On the other hand, if you plan to use your rod for more aggressive fish like salmon or bass, you will need a lighter rod with a softer taper.
Choosing a Fly Fishing Reel
Your fly reel weight should either match or be slightly heavier than the line. When you pull the line out of the reel, the reel will be moving backward, and the fly line will tend to go with it. As a result, you will have to exert more force to stop the line than would be the case if the reel were stationary.
Fly reels allow you to cast long distances to set up and retrieve your flies. There are many different reels available, each with its advantages and disadvantages.
Here is a brief explanation of the most commonly used types:
The center-pull reel has an internal mechanism that drives a spool around a central axis. This type of reel is great for retrieving small or light flies. It is also good for fishing larger flies that are tied to make them difficult to retrieve. The disadvantage of the center-pull reel is that it requires more skill to cast and retrieve than other types of reels.
Center-cast reel – The center-cast reel is similar to a center-pull reel, but it is made with a “cork” inside the spool instead of an internal drive mechanism. This type of reel is easier to cast and retrieve because it does not require a special action to wind the line onto the spool. The disadvantage of this reel is that it can be hard to wind in heavy lines.
Skew-cast reel – Skew-cast reels are used for casting heavier lines. They are designed to allow the line to “skew” when you cast it. This is usually done by anglers who want to be able to cast heavier lines longer distances than is possible with a center-pull reel.
Any reel designed for a fly rod larger than 6 inches can be used with an 8wt. The 10wt version is too big to fit the reel seat on an 8wt. You can get away with using the same size reel for all sizes of rods, but you will want a larger one on the longer rods. The smaller reels are designed for fly rods up to 6 feet, while the larger reels are designed for rods over 6 feet long.
Selecting a fly reel that balances well on a fly rod is one of the most important factors. If you plan to use a fishing rod with an integral reel, you should look for one with a medium level of sensitivity.
What is Fly Fishing Line, and How to match it perfectly?
The fly fishing line is an important part of your fly fishing gear. It is the string you use to attach your flies to your fishing hooks. The material used for the fly fishing line should be as close to the weight of your flies as possible because the heavier the line, the more force will be needed to pull your flies out of the water.
I prefer a stiffer type of line when I fish. My favorite type of line is the graphite rod and reel combination. If you don’t have one of these combinations, you can use a steel rod with an aluminum reel. Another thing about the fishing line is that it needs to be kept dry. You will want to store it in a plastic bag or container when not in use.
If I’m casting a faster action fly, such as a nymph, I use a softer, more flexible type of line. If I’m casting a slower action fly, such as a dry fly or streamer, I use a stiffer, more durable type of line. The type of line you use depends on what kind of action your flies will have when you cast them.
Type of Fly Line – Floating or Sinking
The difference between a floating and sinking fly line is not how the fly line floats but rather how it sinks. Floating fly lines sink, and sinker lines float. Sinking flies are typically used for short-distance fishing, such as small creeks, rivers, and streams.
The taper of Fly Line – Weight Forward and Double Taper
- The weighted section on the fly line can be moved forward or backward by using the Taper of the Fly Line. This is used in a lot of fly fishing.
- Double Taper – The weight is placed in the center of the line when used in delicate presentations.
Choosing your Fly Backing Line
Backing in fly fishing refers to the weight that keeps the fly fishing line in place when it’s cast.
A backing line is important when you’re fly fishing because it prevents your fly from being pulled up and snagged. It should be long enough to allow you to cast your fly but short enough to prevent the fly from being pulled up.
Materials backing is typically made from Dacron, Nylon, Spectra (polyethylene), Dyneema, or Polypropylene. A backing can be made from any strong material to hold the fly.
Most fly fishing lines have a backing already included, but some manufacturers offer a backup weight that you can add later. If you’re using a spinning rod, you can use a sinker for backing. But if you’re using a fly rod, you may need a smaller weight or even a bobber.
Most trout and bass fishers use less than 100 yards for backing. 200 yards of 30 lbs. will be used by anglers after larger game fish. The manufacturer usually recommends how much backing to apply to your reel.
Leader and tippet
Leader and tippet are both types of fishing lines. A leader is a line between your reel and the fly you use to catch fish. It is made up of braided nylon or fluorocarbon fiber and has a greater breaking strength than the tippet. Tippet is the line between the spool and the fly reel mechanism inside your reel.
Tippet comes in many weights, usually numbered from 1 to 10 or 11. The numbers refer to the number of strands per inch (SPI) in the line. The heavier the tippet, the stronger it will be. It is recommended that you use a heavier tippet when fishing for large fish or when the water is murky.
Putting and Connecting everything (fly rod, reel & line)
Assembling the Fly Rod
Firstly, try to find the alignment dot lines. They can be found on the bottom of the rod by carefully looking at the rod’s construction. The rod should have a smooth finish. Make sure that the rod is properly straight and balanced. A perfect rod must be perfectly straight and have no kinks or bends. It should be straight and taut.
First, insert the handle section into the blank section to assemble the fly rod. Then, Place it in the center of the rod. Make sure that the handle is aligned with the rod’s alignment dots.
Then, put the handle section’s butt end into the grip section. First, insert the eyelet onto the rod’s end section to assemble the reel seat. Then, place the eyelet into the eyelet hole.
While assembling the rod, I usually apply the wax to the rod’s end section before inserting the handle section. If you use a rod that has a high-carbon steel handle section, don’t apply the wax.
How to put a fly reel on a rod
A fly reel is attached to a fishing rod through a bail. Bail consists of a looped metal band attached to the fishing line. The fly reel is used to wind up the fishing line and then release it for casting.
You can adjust the tension on bail with a dial, but if you want to know how to put a fly reel on a rod, you need to use a fly rod.
Here you need to focus and understand your casting hand and how to hold a fly rod. Your casting hand is used to cast the fishing line out of the rod.
You may use either your dominant or non-dominant hand, and it really depends on which hand you prefer to use.
A cut-out under the cork goes over the top of the handle and has a slot for the fishing line to pass through. This is called the stationary hood. The hood is important to keep the line from getting stuck on the rod and can cause damage to the reel.
To attach the fly reel to the rod, you need to loosen the clamp screws that hold the reel in place. Once the screws are loosened, place the fly reel onto the rod and tighten the clamp screws.
If it’s attached properly, you should be able to pull the handle back and forth while its spool is rotating anti-clockwise. If the handle feels loose or the reel moves around, make sure that the clamp screws are tightened correctly.
It’s time to load the Fly Reel with the backing.
Ensure that your reel is backed with some weight that can hold up a big fish. When a fish is about to strike, make sure to hold on tight to the line. Try to keep the tension low on your line by moving it slowly back and forth.
Try to keep the weight in your reel between 100 – 150 lbs. When you’re fishing, you should be holding a rod between 5/16″ and 3/8″ in diameter.
A good rule of thumb is that the rod should be thicker than your index finger and thinner than your elbow. Make sure that the fly reel is set up so that the bail is on the left side of the reel. You should not be able to see the bail when you are casting.
How much backing to put on the reel
How much backing to put on your reel depends on your fly reel type. If you have an 8 lb. reel, you need a 3-pound backing. If you have a nine lb. reel, you need a 4-pound backing. You can always add more backing if you need it.
Putting Backing to the Fly Line
What do you call a knot made by tying two lines together with only one backing line? It is called an Albright knot, after the original fisherman who used it. This knot is extremely useful for keeping a fly line taut and preventing loops from getting caught on your spool, yet it is not very strong.
The most common form of this knot is commonly referred to as a “reel to reel” knot. To make it:
- Tie the line through the eyelet and over the spool’s first loop (the first turn).
- Put your thumb on the end of the line and bring the tail of the line over the first loop and around the second loop (the second turn).
- Tie off the end.
When tying the knot, the fly line should not touch the reel. This can hurt the reels. Keep the backing line short until the fly line clears the reel body.
How to set up fly line leader and tippet
Fly line, leader, and tippet are the parts of your fishing rod that help you cast your line.
A leader is a line that connects the fly line to your hook or lure. It needs to be long enough to extend out past the fly line but not so long that it tugs on the fly line.
The tippet is the last extension of the leader that you attach to your hook. The fly line should have a loop at one end, allowing you to attach the tippet. The tippet should be thin enough to float freely but strong enough to withstand the force of a fish trying to pull the hook out.
The leader and tippet can be combined to form one single fly line. This allows you to fish without having to tie knots in the line and leader and also allows you to fish with just one fly line.
The double surgeon’s knot is a common method of connecting two lines. It is formed by tying a square knot and then tying it again around the square knot. The double surgeon’s knot is reliable, but it does not provide much flexibility.
Tying a Fly onto the Tippet
If you only attach one fly, the fly-tying method for tying a knot is one of the easiest methods.
First, attach the end of the fly line to the hook eye. Then thread the hook through the loop created. Finally, wrap the line around the hook several times to form the knot.
To prevent tangles, make sure that an equal distance separates the lines in both directions before you tie them together. Also, check your knots frequently to ensure that they’re securely attached.
If you want to tie multi-fly onto the tippet, use a double surgeon’s knot and one or two overhand knots. Tie the tippet onto the fly and tie an overhand knot below it.
How to Choose the First Fly to Cast
If you are fishing for a specific species, you can use a pattern proven to be effective in that situation.
You will use a short or long hair fly pattern when fishing for trout. The hair patterns have a lot of life and movement to them.
When fishing for Bass, you would use a fly with a different type of action. The Bass is very picky when it comes to the size and shape of a fly.
They like to see the fly as a small object, but they also like to see many actions. So, what is the best fly for the job?
I have heard the Woolly Bugger suits very well, but I have not fished them myself. Most anglers who fish for Bass use a dry fly or a wet fly.
For Bluegill, you might want to use a wet fly like a spider or beetle.
For catfish, you would use a streamer. A streamer is very popular for catching catfish.
You can further check out my post on how to cast fly fishing, where I have discussed all the beginner & pro methods of casting.
When to Switch Flies While Fly Fishing
Switching flies while fly fishing is an essential part of the sport. But it is important to know when to do so.
The most common rule is to change flies after each fish – a rule known as the “fly switcher’s rule.” This is because the flies are more sensitive to the water conditions, so you want to switch them with every fish. This allows the flies to adjust their performance according to the changes in the water.
However, there are some instances where this rule doesn’t hold true. For example, if you have several dry flies, or some that require a lot of movement to work properly, then you don’t want to change the fly with every fish. In such cases, it’s better to switch the fly after a few fish rather than all of them since it’s easier to change one than several.
Deciding which hand to use on the reel
The one thing to remember while deciding which hand to use on the reel while fishing is remembering which way you cast the line. The thumb on your dominant hand should be placed on the line handles, and your non-dominant hand should be placed on the fishing rod.
You can use both hands if you wish. It is not necessary to use only one hand. If you are using a spinning reel, you will have to learn how to use the spool. You will have to learn how to load and unload the spool. You will also have to learn how to release the spool once the fish is hooked. It is important to master this skill.
Do you really need a tippet for fly fishing?
Is tippet necessary?
You don’t have to have a tippet for fly fishing.
Without tippets, you can use just about any weightless line, like Daiwa’s Tippet. But if you prefer to use a tippet, then, by all means, use one. It is a very useful tool that helps you hook and land your fish more quickly.
But it isn’t necessary either. If you want to go back to using a monofilament line with an unweighted leader, that’s fine too!
How do you set up a beginner fly rod?
How do you balance a fly rod?
Fly line setup diagram
Fly rod set up for trout fishing.
If you’re looking for a fly rod for trout fishing, I recommend using a 4x taper rod with a reel seat. This gives you the flexibility to change lines without going to a big spool.
This rod also has an advantage over other rods when fishing rivers because it is not as likely to get snagged on rocks. It is also recommended to use a rod holder if you will be fishing for long periods.
What type of flies should I use? I prefer to use nymphs for fishing in the summer months and dry flies during the autumn/winter. A combination of both types of flies is ideal.
Fly rod set up for bass fishing.
I recommend using a fly rod with a 3 to 5 weight range. I think the smaller the number, the better the balance and sensitivity.
The best fly rods for bass fishing have an adjustable line guide to adjust the weight to the right setting. You can also buy a rod with a telescoping handle to make it easier to hold.
Further, I would like to use a small tippet with a large eye. I’d recommend using a 2X or 4X tippet with a 6′ long leader will give you plenty of lengths to set up your rod.
Fly Fishing Rod Setup Summary
Setting up a fly rod correctly is the most important part of your fishing experience. It’s the key to getting the most out of your time on the water, whether you’re fly fishing for trout or Bass, and it’s the key to catching fish.
Make mistakes early in your fly fishing career, and you’ll have a hard time putting them behind you. The same goes for learning to set up a fly rod correctly. Once you’ve got it down, you can be confident that you’re doing everything right.
As I mentioned at the beginning of this guide you may want to check out, my best beginner fly rod fishing guide which covers all the basics and more, including a great guide for buying a fly rod.
I have a lot of experience in fly fishing, both on the stream and the water. And it’s safe to say that only a handful of things make it worth doing.
The first is the satisfaction you get from watching the fish jump in the air and thrash around as they’re trying to escape. The second is the sense of accomplishment you get from catching a fish.